JCER Financial Stress Index is 0.152, released on April 20, 2020
－ Financial stress declined as market vigilance receded
The JCER Financial Stress Index for Japan is, based on daily market data, an indicator to capture the rise of financial systemic risk. Systemic risk is defined that financial system as a whole is malfunctioning and the real economy is adversely affected. Since this index is based on market data, it is possible to quantitatively grasp financial stress in near real time.
The index is constructed by selecting three individual indicators from the following five sub-markets: (1) stock market, (2) money market, (3) bond market, (4) financial intermediation (banking sector), and (5) foreign exchange market.
The latest value: 0.152 (As of April 17, 2020)
The index is designed to detect a recurrence of financial system instability in the late 1990s in Japan and of the global financial crisis of 2007-08. This index refers to the “Composite Indicator of Systemic Stress” by European Central Bank (ECB) and is created by compositing the following 15 financial market data, such as stock price and its volatility, bond yield spreads, and exchange rate changes.
Stock market: Volatility of TOPIX (absolute value of log return), Ratio of TOPIX to its highest value in the past two years, Liquidity indicator based on trading volume
Money market: Spread between 3-month TIBOR and 3-month Treasury yields, Repo rate, Dollar funding premium (yen basis, 1 year)
Bond market: Volatility of 10-year government bonds (absolute value of change in yield), Swap spread (difference between 2-year swap rate and 2-year government bond yield), BBB rated corporate bond spread
Financial intermediation (banking sector): Specific shock to bank stocks (estimating the variance of the residuals obtained by regressing the returns of the bank stock index on the returns of TOPIX using the GARCH (1,1) model), Ratio of TOPIX banking stock index to its highest value in the past two years, Banking sector bond spreads
Foreign exchange market: Volatility of yen/dollar exchange rate (absolute value of log return), Volatility of yen/euro exchange rate (absolute value of log return), Volatility of yen/pound exchange rate (absolute value of log return)
For more details of this index, please refer to the following reports and literature.
Japan Center for Economic Research, 2019. “Risks in the BOJ’s ETF Purchases and Regional Financial Institutions - A stress event could reignite financial system anxiety,” FY 2019 Financial Research Report II: Overhauling Financial Risks in Japan (No. 41), February 12, 2020. (members only).
Holló, D., Kremer, M. and Lo Duca, M., 2012. “CISS - A Composite Indicator of Systemic Stress in the Financial System,” Working Paper Series, No. 1426, European Central Bank, March 2012.
－ Bank of Japan decided to maintain large-scale easing, while CP and corporate bond buying measures to be phased out
－ Financial stress remains low, but concerns about the Omicron variant are rising
－ Financial stress remains low level, but risk aversion spreads with the detection of new variant virus
－ Wait-and-see mood prevails before the general election and announcement of financial results of major companies
－ Wariness about Chinese real estate debt problem is eased for the present, and financial stress remains low level
－ A state of emergency is expected to be lifted at the end of September
－ China's real estate unrest receded tentatively and financial stress remains at a low level
－ Declaration of a state of emergency has been extended and the target area has expanded due to a rebound of infection, and financial stress remains low level