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Discussion Paper Discussion Paper 104 (2006.08)

[No.104] Ownership, Foreign Investment and Productivity A Case Study of the Automotive Industry in China

LiuDeqiang/Tokyo Gakugei University
   
 

2006/08/15

Abstract

 It is widely believed that the enter of multinational automakers and the ownership reforms of native enterprises promoted the development of China’s automotive industry in recent years, but no study has been conducted on it’s productivity. In this study, using micro-data on China’s automakers from 1999 to 2004, we tried to elucidate the characteristics of the development of China’s auto industry. According to the analysis results based on Cob-Douglas type production function, we found, 1) the rapid development of auto industries in China accompanies a rapid improvement in productivity from 1999-2004; 2) in China’s auto industry, foreign-affiliated firms or foreign capital have overwhelming strength with regard to productivity; 3) the improvement in productivity of auto industry is not attributable to foreign-affiliated firms or foreign capital only, the contribution of state capital to productivity has risen gradually, and has approached that of non-state capital.